The term came to use around 1300
from Old French "filosofie" and directly from Latin and Greek "philosophia".
It is composed of the greek roots "philo-" meaning loving or love of
and "sophia" which translates to knowledge or wisdom.
The term “morality” can be used either descriptively to refer to some codes of conduct put forward by a society or, some other group, such as a religion, or accepted by an individual for her own behavior or normatively to refer to a code of conduct that, given specified conditions, would be put forward by all rational persons.
Metaethics is the attempt to understand the metaphysical, epistemological, semantic, and psychological, presuppositions and commitments of moral thought, talk, and practice.
Defined narrowly, epistemology is the study of knowledge and justified belief.
[Political Philosophy] encompasses reflections on the origin of political institutions, the concepts used to interpret and organize political life such as justice and equality, the relation between the aims of ethics and the nature of politics, and the relative merits of different constitutional arrangements or regimes.
Donald Davidson* asserted that an action, in some basic sense, is something an agent does that was "intentional under some description" .